You could easily live in the Fredericksburg area and never have visited the Stonewall Jackson Shrine located at Guinea Station in Caroline County. It is also conceivable that you don’t know the significance or the story behind the shrine. As you might recall Thomas Jonathon Jackson was the Confederate General who earned the nickname Stonewall. The nickname came about when General Bee upon observing him on the battle field stated, “There is Jackson standing like a stone wall.” The nickname was born, and along with the fact that Stonewall Jackson was one of the most gifted tactical commanders in U.S. history, cemented his place in our history.
You might also recall that during the Battle of Chancellorsville, Stonewall Jackson was wounded, had his left arm amputated, and would die days later. You might not know that his amputated arm was buried in a family plot at Ellwood Manor (along what is now Route 3) miles from where Stonewall Jackson would die.
He was taken by ambulance to the Chandler plantation known as Fairfield in the community of Guinea Station. This was a move to position him near the railroad station for a later move to Richmond once he was medically stabilized and able to make the trip. He never recovered and never left this location alive. He died here 8 days after being wounded in the Battle of Chancellorsville.
The property where the building in which he died would later be owned by the railroad and ultimately would end up in the hands of the National Park Service and would become The Stonewall Jackson Shrine. The Stonewall Jackson Shrine is now part of Fredericksburg & Spotsylvania National Military Park. For those wishing to visit The Stonewall Jackson Shrine, the exterior components can be visited daily during the hours between sunrise and sunset. The building itself is open seasonally.
Things you might not have known about Stonewall Jackson:
- He was wounded by his own men during the Battle of Chancellorsville
- His arm was buried at Ellwood Manor, in the family plot of his Chaplain
- Stonewall Jackson himself was buried in the Stonewall Jackson Memorial Cemetary in Lexington, Virginia.
- Stonewall Jackson once served as an instructor at the Virginia Military Institute
- Stonewall Jackson’s last words were, “Let us cross over the river, and rest under the shade of the trees.”
- When General Robert E. Lee heard of Jackson’s death, he said, “I have lost my right arm.”